The highest percentage of the population in the lowest quintile are found in centrally located regions, such as Dodoma, and more sparsely populated coastal areas, such as Lindi.
This economic disadvantage creates an enormous challenge for enrollment and retention of children in these areas in these areas furthering educational inequality.
Regions with the most rapid population growth, Shinyanga and Mwanza, have the highest gini coefficient, indicating increased levels of inequality. As urban areas grow, it is critical that educational funds and resources are evenly distributed to ensure country wide educational progress.
Both poverty and inequality can dramatically influence the attendance of students.
Net Attendance Rate
Although primary school attendance is above 60 percent in all regions, this measure falls dramatically in secondary school, with no region above 30 percent. Regions with the lowest net attendance rates match those with higher incidences of poverty, and reveal a wider gender gap in attendance than the neighboring regions.
These factors can impact school performance.
Learning outcomes, literacy in particular, provide a richer understanding as to the success of an educational system and remain a strong indicator of a child's future.
While all regions maintain relatively high average literacy rates, only one region, Arusha, has higher female literacy rates than male.
Exam results can shed further light on this gender gap and support direct evaluation of student performance.
2011 Exam Results
Although regions bordering Kenya performed considerably well on primary exams, results vary dramatically throughout the country. Within the central regions, less than half of the students are passing, and secondary school results reveal an even more dismal picture, with pass rates below 60 percent.
When looking at performance over the last three years, more regions have fewer passing students, both in primary and secondary.
Exam Results 2008-11
From 2008-2011, many northwest regions greatly improved exam scores for primary, whereas almost all secondary schools show decreased percentages of passing students. Areas of grey or negative change contrasts with the dark orange where there was positive change.
Find out where government education spending is going.
Regions bordering Kenya, and along the coastline, tend to receive more spending than the central regions and exhibit higher exam scores. This correlation is not maintained in some areas with lower investment, like Mwanza, which holds one the more positive exam results within the country.
View pupil-classroom ratios to continue to explore the extent of infrastructure investment by the government.
The regions with the highest ratio also have the fastest growing population and lowest literacy rates, demonstrating the imperative need for investment in the growing number of students and their learning environment.
Pupil-teacher ratios may be more important than access to classrooms for determining the effectiveness of a students education.
The level of personal attention a student can receive is directly related the size of the class. The regions with the highest number of students per teacher also aligns with areas with poorer performance results, despite higher levels of spending.
See Tabora region where the average ratio is 60 pupils per teacher.